craig.medforth

Craig Medforth
Assistant Researcher
Integrated Member
Research Group
Design of Molecules and NanoMaterials for Therapy and Diagnosis
Departamento de Química e Bioquímica
916 897 626
Research Interests
Synthesis, characterization, spectroscopy and applications of porphyrins and related compounds. Current research is focused on porphyrin nanomaterials prepared by ionic self-assembly. Other research interests include the synthesis of new water-soluble porphyrins, porphyrin-catalyzed metal nanostructuring and non-planar porphyrins.
Main publications
Chronological list of publications for Craig J. Medforth

1. Calibration and Application of a Ring Current Model for Cobalt(III) Meso-Tetraphenylporphyrin Complexes. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth, Magn. Reson. Chem. 1987, 25, 432.

2. Observation of Piperidine Conformational Equilibria at Room Temperature Using a Cobalt(III) Porphyrin Shift Reagent. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1987, 1637.

3. Ring Currents in Hydroporphyrins. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; D. A. Goff; D. J. Simpson J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1987, 109, 4786.

4. Conformational Analysis of Pyrrolidine and 3-Hydroxy-Pyrrolidine Using Cobalt(III) Meso-Tetraphenylporphyrin. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth Magn. Reson. Chem. 1987, 25, 790.

5. Ring Currents in Nickel(II) Hydroporphyrins Derived From Anhydrorhodoporphyrin XV. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth; K. E. Mansfield; D. J. Simpson; K. M. Smith J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 1988, 1365.

6. Determination of the Conformational Equilibria of Monosubstituted Piperidines at Room Temperature Using Cobalt(III) Porphyrin Shift Reagents. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth Magn. Reson. Chem. 1988, 26, 334.

7. Ring Currents in Octaethylporphyrin, Meso-Tetraphenylporphyrin and Phthalocyanine Complexes. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth Magn. Reson. Chem. 1988, 26, 803.

8. Efficient Synthesis of Porphyrin Dimers with Carbon-Carbon Linkages. R. K. Pandey; F.-Y. Shiau; C. J. Medforth; T. J. Dougherty; K. M. Smith Tetrahedron Lett. 1990, 31, 789.

9. A Conformational Study of Diterpenoid Lactones Isolated From the Chinese Medicinal Herb Andrographis Paniculata. C. J. Medforth; R. S. Chang; G.-Q. Chen; M. M. Olmstead; K. M. Smith J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 1990, 1011.

10. Conformational Analysis of Azacycloheptane and Azacyclooctane Using a Novel Cobalt(III) Porphyrin Shift Reagent. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth, Magn. Reson. Chem. 1990, 28, 343.

11. Tetracycloalkenyl-Meso-Tetraphenylporphyrins as Models for the Effect of Non-Planarity on the Light Absorption Properties of Photosynthetic Chromophores. C. J. Medforth; M. D. Berber; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt Tetrahedron Lett. 1990, 31, 3719.

12. The Synthesis and Solution Conformation of Dodecaphenylporphyrin. C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith Tetrahedron Lett. 1990, 31, 5583.

13. Nonplanar Porphyrins. X-ray Structures of (2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octaethyl- and -Octamethyl-5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphinato) Zinc (II). K. M. Barkigia; M. D. Berber; J. Fajer; C. J. Medforth; M. W. Renner; K. M. Smith J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1990, 112, 8851.

14. Syntheses, Stability, and Tumorcidal Activity of Porphyrin Dimers and Trimers with Ether Linkages. R. K. Pandey; F.-Y. Shiau; C. J. Medforth; T. J. Dougherty; K. M. Smith Tetrahedron Lett. 1990, 31, 7399.

15. Relationships Between Structural Parameters and Raman Frequencies for Some Planar and Nonplanar Nickel (II) Porphyrins. J. A. Shelnutt; C. J. Medforth; M. D. Berber; K. M. Barkigia; K. M. Smith J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1991, 113, 4077.

16. Very Long-range Isotope Shifts in the Proton NMR Spectra of Deuteriated Hemins. C. J. Medforth; F.-Y. Shiau; G. N. LaMar; K. M. Smith J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1991, 590.

17. Conformational Analysis. Part 16. Conformational Free Energies in Substituted Piperidines and Piperidinium Salts. R. J. Abraham; C. J. Medforth; P. E. Smith J. Comput.-Aided Mol. Des. 1991, 5, 205.

18. Nonplanar Distortion Modes for Highly Substituted Porphyrins. C. J. Medforth; M. O. Senge; K. M. Smith; L. D. Sparks; J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1992, 114, 9859.

19. Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of Nonplanar Nickel Porphyrins. J. A. Shelnutt; S. A. Majumder; L. D. Sparks; J. D. Hobbs; C. J. Medforth; M. O. Senge; K. M. Smith; M. Miura; L Luo; J. M. E. Quirke J. Raman Spectroscopy 1992, 23, 523.

20. Metal Dependence of the Nonplanar Distortion of Octaalkyltetraphenylporphyrins. L. D. Spark; C. J. Medforth; M.-S. Park; J. R. Chamberlain; M. R. Ondrias; M. O. Senge; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 581.

21. A Planar Dodecasubstituted Porphyrin. M. O. Senge; C. J. Medforth; L. D. Sparks; J. A. Shelnutt; K. M. Smith Inorg. Chem. 1993, 32, 1716.

22. Crystallographic and EXAFS Studies of Conformationally Designed Nonplanar Nickel(II) Porphyrins. K. M. Barkigia; M. W. Renner, L. R. Furenlid; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; J. Fajer J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 3627.

23. Generation of a Stable σ-Bonded Iron(IV) Porphyrin. Formation and Reactivity of [(OETPP)FeIV(C6H5)]n+ (n = 1-3; OETPP = Dianion of 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octaethyl-5,10,15,20-Tetraphenylporphyrin). K. M. Kadish; E. V. Caemelbecke; F. D'Souza; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; A. Tabard; R. Guilard Organometallics 1993, 12, 2411.

24. Macrocycle and Substituent Vibrational Modes of Nonplanar Nickel(II) Octaethyltetraphenylporphyrin From Its Resonance Raman, Near-Infrared-Excited FT Raman, and FT-IR Spectra and Deuterium Isotope Shifts. A. Stichternath; R. Schweitzer-Stenner; W. Dreybodt; R. S. W. Mak; X.-Y. Li; L. D. Sparks; J. A. Shelnutt; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith J. Phys. Chem. 1993, 97, 3701.

25. First Reversible Electrogeneration of Triply Oxidized Nickel Porphyrins and Porphycenes. Formation of Nickel(III) -Dications. K. M. Kadish; E. V. Caemelbecke; P. Boulas; F. D'Souza; E. Vogel; M. Kisters; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith Inorg. Chem. 1993, 32, 4177.

26. Some New Porphodimethene Chemistry: Synthesis of Meso-Formylporphyrin. J. S. Cavaleiro; M. G. P. M. Neves; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith Heterocycles 1994, 37, 213.

27. Photophysical Studies of Substituted Porphyrins. P. Charlesworth; T. G. Truscott; D. Kessel; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1994, 1073.

28. Structural Heterogeneity and Coordination Chemistry of Nickel(II) Octaethyl-Meso-Tetranitroporphyrins. J. D. Hobbs; S. A. Majumder; L. Luo; G. A. Sickelsmith; J. M. E. Quirke; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 3261.

29. Triplet Dynamics of Conformationally Distorted Porphyrins. A. Regev; T. Galili; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; K. M. Barkigia; J. Fajer; H. Levanon J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 2520.

30. Correlations Between Raman Frequencies and Structure for Planar and Nonplanar Metalloporphyrins. L. D. Sparks; K. K. Anderson; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt Inorg. Chem. 1994, 33, 2297.

31. Photophysical properties of Conformationally Distorted Metal-Free Porphyrins. Investigation into the Deactivation Mechanism of the Lowest Excited Singlet State. S. Gentemann; C. J. Medforth; T. P. Forsyth; D. J. Nurco; K. M. Smith; J. Fajer; D. Holten J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 7363.

32. Novel Ligand Orientations in Pyridine and Imidazole Complexes of a Highly Substituted Nonplanar Porphyrin, and Implications for the Design of Porphyrins as Regio- and Stereo-Specific Oxidation Catalysts. C. J. Medforth; C. M. Muzzi; K. M. Smith; R. J. Abraham; J. D. Hobbs; J. A. Shelnutt J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1994, 1843.

33. Conformational study of 2,3,5,7,8,10,12,13,15,17,18-Decaalkylporphyrins. C. J. Medforth; M. O. Senge; T. P. Forsyth; J. D. Hobbs; J. A. Shelnutt; K. M. Smith Inorg. Chem. 1994, 33, 3865.

34. Consequences of Oxidation in Nonplanar Porphyrins: Molecular Structure and Diamagnetism of the π-Cation Radical of Copper(II) Octaethyltetraphenylporphyrin. M. W. Renner; K. M. Barkigia; Y. Zhang; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; J. Fajer J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 8582.

35. Magnetic Circular Dichroism Spectroscopic Studies on Stereochemistry and Coordination Behavior of Nickel Porphyrins. S. Choi; J. A. Phillips; W. Ware Jr.; C. Wittschieben; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith Inorg. Chem. 1994, 33, 3873.

36. Solution Conformations of Dodecasubstituted Porphyrins. C. J. Medforth; J. D. Hobbs; M. R. Rodriguez; R. J. Abraham; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 1333.

37. Electrochemisty and Spectroelectrochemistry of Sigma-Bonded Iron(III) Porphyrins with Non-Planar Porphyrin Rings. Reactions of (OETPP)FeR and (OETPP)FeCl where R = C6H5, C6F4H or C6F5, and OETPP is the Dianion of 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octaethyl-5,10,15,20-Tetraphenylporphyrin. K. M. Kadish; E. V. Caemelbecke; F. D'Souza; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; A. Tabard; R. Guilard Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 2984.

38. Ruffling in a Series of Nickel(II) Meso-Tetrasubstituted Porphyrins as a Model for the Conserved Ruffling of the Heme of Cytochromes c. W. Jentzen; J. D. Hobbs; M. C. Simpson; K. K. Taylor; T. Ema; N. Y. Nelson; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; M. Veyrat; M. Mazzanti; R. Ramasseul; J.-C. Marchon; T. Takeuchi; W. A. Goddard III; J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 11085.

39. Unusual Picosecond 1(*) Deactivation of Ruffled Nonplanar Porphyrins. S. Gentemann; C. J. Medforth; T. Ema; N. Y. Nelson; K. M. Smith; J. Fajer; D. Holten Chem. Phys. Lett. 1995, 245, 441.

40. Synthesis and Unusual Spectroscopic Properties of Novel Ketobacteriochlorins. A. N. Kozyrev; R. K. Pandey; C. J. Medforth; G. Zheng; T. J. Dougherty; K. M. Smith Tetrahedron Lett. 1996, 37, 747.

41. Synthesis and Characterization of Bis-Chlorins From the McMurry Reaction of Formylchlorins. L. Jaquinod; D. J. Nurco; C. J. Medforth; R. K. Pandey; T. P. Forsyth; M. M. Olmstead; K. M. Smith Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1996, 35, 1013.

42. Dynamic Photophysical Properties of Conformationally Distorted Nickel Porphyrins. 1. Nickel(II) Dodecaphenylporphyrin. C. M. Drain; C. Kirmaier; C. J. Medforth; D. J. Nurco; K. M. Smith; D. Holten J. Phys. Chem. 1996, 100, 11984.

43. Conformational Flexibility in Dodecasubstituted Porphyrins. D. J. Nurco; C. J. Medforth; T. P. Forsyth; M. M. Olmstead; K. M. Smith J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 118, 10918.

44. The Representation of Nonplanar Structures of Nickel(II) 5,15-Di-Substituted Porphyrins in Terms of Displacements Along the Lowest-Frequency Normal Coordinates of the Macrocycle X.-Z. Song; W. Jentzen; S.-L. Jia; L. Jaquinod; D. J. Nurco; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 118, 12975.

45. Variations and Temperature Dependence of the Excited State Properties of Conformationally and Electronically Perturbed Zinc and Free Base Porphyrins. S. Gentemann; N. Y. Nelson; L. Jaquinod; D. J. Nurco; S. H. Leung; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; J. Fajer; D. Holten J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 1247.

46. Comparative Analysis of the Conformations of Symmetrically and Asymmetrically Deca- and Undeca-Substituted Porphyrins Bearing Meso-Alkyl or -Aryl Groups. M. O. Senge; C. J. Medforth; T. P. Forsyth; D. A. Lee; M. M. Olmstead; W. Jentzen; J. A. Shelnutt; K. M. Smith Inorg. Chem. 1997, 36, 1149.

47. Pinacol-Pinacolone Rearrangements in vic-Dihydroxychlorins and Bacteriochlorins: Effect of Substituents at the Peripheral Positions. R. K. Pandey; M. Isaac; I. MacDonald; C. J. Medforth; M. O. Senge; T. J. Dougherty; K. M. Smith J. Org. Chem. 1997, 62, 1463.

48. NMR Studies of Nonplanar Porphyrins. Part 1. Axial Ligand Orientations in Highly Nonplanar Porphyrins. C. J. Medforth; C. M. Muzzi; K. M. Shea; K. M. Smith; R. J. Abraham; S. Jia; J. A. Shelnutt J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 1997, 833.

49. NMR Studies of Nonplanar Porphyrins. Part 2. Effect of Nonplanar Conformational Distortions on the Porphyrin Ring Current. C. J. Medforth; C. M. Muzzi; K. M. Shea; K. M. Smith; R. J. Abraham; S. Jia; J. A. Shelnutt J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 1997, 839.

50. Raman Dispersion Spectroscopy on the Highly Saddled Nickel(II) Octaethyltetraphenylporphyrin Reveals the Symmetry of Nonplanar Distortions and the Vibronic Coupling Strength of Normal Modes. R. Schweitzer-Stenner; A. Stichternath; W. Dreybodt; R. S. W. Mak; W. Jentzen; X.-Z. Song; J. A. Shelnutt; O. F. Nielsen; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith J. Chem. Phys. 1997, 107, 1794.

51. Synthesis, Photophysical Properties, In-Vivo Photosensitizing Effiacy, and Human Serum Albumin (HSA) Binding Properties of Some Novel Bacteriochlorins. R. K. Pandey; T. Tsuchida; S. Constantine; G. Zheng; C. J. Medforth; M. Aoudia; A. N. Kozyrev; M. A. Rodgers; H. Kato; K. M. Smith; T. J. Dougherty J. Med. Chem. 1997, 40, 2770.

52. Applications of MALDI-FTMS to the Analysis of Planar and Highly Substituted Nonplanar Porphyrins. M. K. Green; C. J. Medforth; C. M. Muzzi; D. J. Nurco; K. M. Shea; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt; C. B. Lebrilla Eur. Mass Spectrom. 1997, 3, 439.

53. The Biological Significance of Nonplanar Porphyrins. J. A. Shelnutt; X.-Z. Song; J.-G. Ma; S.-L. Jia; W. Jentzen; C. J. Medforth Chem. Soc. Rev. 1998, 27, 31.

54. Metal-Dependence of the Contributions of Low-Frequency Normal Coordinates to the Sterically Induced Distortions of Meso-Di-Alkyl-Substituted Porphyrins. X.-Z. Song; L. Jaquinod; W. Jentzen; D. J. Nurco; S. Jia; R. Khoury; J. Ma; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt Inorg. Chem. 1998, 37, 2009.

55. Substituent-Induced Perturbation Symmetries and Distortions of Meso-Tert-Butylporphyrins. X.-Z. Song; W. Jentzen; L. Jaquinod; R. Khoury; C. J. Medforth; S. Jia; J. Ma; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt Inorg. Chem. 1998, 37, 2117.

56. Picosecond to Microsecond Photodynamics of a Nonplanar Nickel Porphyrin: Solvent Dielectric and Temperature Effects. C. M. Drain; S. Gentemann; J. A. Roberts; N. Y. Nelson; C. J. Medforth; S. Jia; M. C. Simpson; K. M. Smith; J. Fajer; J. A. Shelnutt; D. Holten J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1998, 120, 3781.

57. Novel Products from Bromination Reactions of 5,10,15,20-Tetraisopropylporphyrins. N. Y. Nelson; C. J. Medforth; R. G. Khoury; D. J. Nurco; K. M. Smith Chem. Commun. 1998, 1687.

58. Synthesis and Electrochemical Studies of a Series of Fluorinated Dodecaphenylporphyrins. K. M. Kadish; E. V. Caemelbecke; F. D'Souza; M. Lin; D. J. Nurco; C. J. Medforth; T. P. Forsyth; B. Krattinger; K. M. Smith; S. Fukuzumi; I. Nakanishi; J. A. Shelnutt Inorg. Chem. 1999, 38, 2188.

59. Evidence for Unusually Strong Intramolecular Hydrogen-Bonding in Highly Nonplanar Porphyrins. M. S. Somma; C. J. Medforth; N. Y. Nelson; M. M. Olmstead; R. G. Khoury; K. M. Smith Chem. Commun. 1999, 1221.

60. Novel Dodecaarylporphyrins: Synthesis and Dynamic Properties. C. M. Muzzi; C. J. Medforth; L. Voss; M. Cancilla; C. Lebrilla; J.-G. Ma; J. A. Shelnutt; K. M. Smith Tetrahedron Lett. 1999, 40, 6159.

61. Synthesis and Unusual Properties of the First 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octabromo-5,10,15,20-Tetraalkylporphyrin. N. Y. Nelson; C. J. Medforth; D. J. Nurco; S.-L. Jia; J. A. Shelnutt; K. M. Smith Chem. Commun. 1999, 2071.

62. A New Method for Evaluating the Conformations and Normal Modes of Macrocycle Vibration with a Reduced Force Field. E. Unger; M. Beck; R. J. Lipski; W. Dreybodt; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; R. Schweitzer-Stenner J. Phys. Chem. B 1999, 103, 10022.

63. NMR Spectroscopy of Diamagnetic Porphyrins. C. J. Medforth in The Porphyrin Handbook; K. M. Kadish, K. M. Smith, R. Guilard (Eds.); Academic Press: Boston, MA, 2000; Volume 5, Chapter 35.

64. Synthesis and Characterization of a Chiral Nonplanar Porphyrin. C. M. Muzzi; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; S.-L. Jia; J. A. Shelnutt Chem. Commun. 2000, 131.

65. Photoinduced Evolution on the Conformational Landscape of Nonplanar Dodecaphenylporphyrin: Picosecond Relaxation Dynamics in the 1(π,π) Excited State. J. L. Retsek; S. Gentemann; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; V. S. Chirvony; J. Fajer; D. Holten J. Phys. Chem B 2000, 104, 6690.

66. First Structural Characterization of a Covalently Bonded Porphyrin-Carborane System. M. G. H. Vicente; D. J. Nurco; S. J. Shetty; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith Chem. Commun. 2001, 483.

67. Effect of Meso-Substituents on the Osmium Tetraoxide Reaction and Pinacol-Pinacolone Rearrangement of the Corresponding vic-Dihydroxyporphyrins. Y. Chen; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; J. Alderfer; T. J. Dougherty; R. K. Pandey J. Org. Chem. 2001, 66, 3930.

68. Conformational and Electronic Effects of Phenyl-Ring Fluorination on the Photophysical Properties of Nonplanar Dodecaarylpoprhyrins. J. L. Retsek; C. J. Medforth; D. J. Nurco; S. Gentemann; V. S. Chirvony; K. M. Smith; D. Holten J. Phys. Chem. B 2001, 105, 6396.

69. Molecular Structures and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Investigations of Highly Distorted Six-Coordinate Low-Spin Iron(III) Porphyrinate Complexes. H. Ogura; L. Yatsunyk; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; K. M. Barkigia; M. W. Renner; D. Melamed; F. A. Walker J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 6564.

70. Influence of Electronic and Structural Effects on the Oxidative Behavior of Nickel Porphyrins . K. M. Kadish; M. Lin; E. Van Caemelbecke; G. De Stefano; C. J. Medforth; D. J. Nurco; N. Y. Nelson; B. Krattinger; C. M. Muzzi; L. Jaquinod; Y. Xu; D. C. Shyr; K. M. Smith; J. A. Shelnutt Inorg. Chem., 2002, 41, 6673.

71. Origin of the Red Shifts in the Optical Absorption Bands of Nonplanar Tetraalkylporphyrins. R. E. Haddad; S. Gazeau; J. Pécaut; J.-C. Marchon; C. J. Medforth; J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 1253.

72. Unusual Aryl-Porphyrin Rotational Barriers in Peripherally Crowded Porphyrins C. J. Medforth; R. E. Haddad; C. M. Muzzi; N. R. Dooley; L. Jaquinod; D. C. Shyr; D. J. Nurco; M. M. Olmstead; K. M. Smith; J.-G. Ma; J. A. Shelnutt Inorg. Chem., 2003, 42, 2227.

73. Photoinduced Axial Ligation and Deligation Dynamics of Nonplanar Nickel Dodecaarylporphyrins. J. L. Retsek; C. M. Drain; C. Kirmaier; D. J. Nurco; C. J. Medforth; K. M. Smith; V. S. Chirvony; J. Fajer; D. Holten J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 9787.

74. Controlled Synthesis of 2-D and 3-D Dendritic Platinum Nanostructures. Y. Song, Y. Yang, C. J. Medforth, E. Pereira, A. K. Singh, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, C. J. Brinker, F. van Swol, J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 635.

75. Synthesis of peptide-nanotube platinum-nanoparticle composites Y. Song, S. R. Challa, C. J. Medforth, Y. Qiu, R. K. Watt, D. Peña, J. E. Miller, F. van Swol, J. A. Shelnutt Chem. Commun., 2004, 1044.

76. Porphyrin nanotubes by ionic self-assembly. Z. Wang, C. J. Medforth, J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 15954.

77. Self-metallization of photocatalytic porphyrin nanotubes. Z. Wang, C. J. Medforth, J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 16720.

78. Energetics and Structural Consequences of Axial Ligand Coordination in Non-Planar Nickel Tetra(Alkyl)Porphyrins. Y. Song, S.-L. Jia, R. E. Haddad, S. Hok, D. J. Nurco, N. E. Schore, J. Zhang, J.-G. Ma, K. M. Smith, S. Gazeau, J. Pécaut, J.-C. Marchon, C. J. Medforth, J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 1179.

79. Nonplanar Heme Deformations and Excited State Displacements in Nickel Porphyrins Detected by Raman Spectroscopy at Soret Excitation. Q. Huang, C. J. Medforth, R. Schweitzer-Stenner, J. Phys. Chem. A 2005, 109, 10493.

80. Density functional theory and DFT+U study of transition metal porphines adsorbed on Au(111) surfaces and effects of applied electric field. K. Leung, S. B. Rempe, P. A. Schultz, E. M. Sproviero, V. S. Batista, M. E. Chandross, C. J. Medforth J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 3659.

81. Foam-like Nanostructures Created from Dendritic Platinum Sheets on Liposomes. Y. Song, W. A. Steen, D. Peña, Y.-B. Jiang, C. J. Medforth, Q. Huo, J. L. Pincus, Y. Qiu, D. Y. Sasaki, J. E. Miller, and J. A. Shelnutt Chem. Mater. 2006, 18, 2335.

82. Porphyrin nanofiber bundles from phase-transfer ionic self-assembly and their photocatalytic self-metallization. Z. Wang; K. J. Ho; C. J. Medforth; J. A. Shelnutt Adv. Mater. 2006, 18, 2557.

83. Interfacial Synthesis of Dendritic Platinum Nanoshells Templated on Benzene Nanodroplets Stabilized in Water by a Photocatalytic Lipoporphyrin. H. Wang, Y. Song, C. J. Medforth, and J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 9284.

84. Ab initio molecular dynamics study of manganese porphine hydration and interaction with nitric oxide. K. Leung and C. J. Medforth J. Chem. Phys., 2007, 126, 024501.

85. Self-assembly and self-metallization of porphyrin nanosheets. Z. Wang, Z. Li, C. J. Medforth, and J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 2440.

86. Synthesis of monodisperse nanospheres of porphyrin–metal ion coordination polymers.
Z. Wang, L. E Lybarger, W. Wang, C. J. Medforth, J. E. Miller and J. A Shelnutt Nanotechnology, 2008, 19, 395604.

87. Silica-Metal Core-Shells and Metal Shells Synthesized by Porphyrin-Assisted Photocatalysis, H. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Z. Wang, C. J. Medforth, J. E. Miller, L. Evans, P. Li, and J. A. Shelnutt Chem. Mater. 2008, 20, 7434-7439.

88. Evolution of Dendritic Platinum Nanosheets into Ripening-Resistant Holey Sheets. Y. Song, M. A. Hickner, S. R. Challa, R. M. Dorin, R. M. Garcia, H. Wang, Y.-B. Jiang, P. Li, Y. Qiu,
F. van Swol, C. J. Medforth, J. E. Miller, T. Nwoga, K. Kawahara, W. Li, and J. A. Shelnutt NanoLetters 2009, 9, 1534-1539.

89. Self-Assembled Porphyrin Nanostructures. C. J. Medforth, Z. Wang, K. E. Martin, Y. Song, J. L. Jacobsen, and J. A. Shelnutt Chem. Commun., 2009, 7261–7277.

90. Molecular organization in self-assembled binary porphyrin nanotubes revealed by resonance Raman spectroscopy. R. Franco, J. L. Jacobsen, H. Wang, Z. Wang, K. Istvan, N. E. Schore, Y. Song, C. J. Medforth, and John A. Shelnutt Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 4072–4077.


91. Donor-Acceptor Biomorphs from the Ionic Self-Assembly of Porphyrins. K. E. Martin, Z. Wang, T. Busani, R. M. Garcia, Z. Chen, Y. Jiang, Y. Song, J. L. Jacobsen, T. T. Vu, N. E. Schore, B. S. Swartzentruber, C. J. Medforth, and J. A. Shelnutt J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 8194–8201.

92. Cobalt-Porphyrin Catalyzed Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide in Water. 2. Mechanism from First Principles. K. Leung, I. M. B. Nielsen, N. Sai, C. J. Medforth, and J. A. Shelnutt J. Phys. Chem. 2010, 114, 10174.

93. Self-Assembled Porphyrin Nanostructures. C. J. Medforth and J. A. Shelnutt in Handbook of Porphyrin Science; K. M. Kadish, K. M. Smith, R. Guilard (Eds.); World Scientific: Singapore, 2011; Volume 11, Chapter 50, Pages 181-222.

94. Templated Growth of Platinum Nanowheels Using the Inhomogeneous Reaction Environment of Bicelles. R. M. Garcia, Y. Song, R. M. Dorin, H. Wang, A. M. Moreno, Y. Jiang, Y. Tian, Y. Qiu, C. J. Medforth, E. N.Coker, F. van Swol, J. E. Miller, J. A. Shelnutt, J. A. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2011, 13, 4846.

95. Morphological Families of Self-Assembled Porphyrin Structures and Their Photosensitization of Hydrogen Generation. Y. Tian, K. E. Martin, J. Y.-T. Shelnutt, L. Evans, T. Busani, J. E. Miller, C. J. Medforth, J. A. Shelnutt, Chem. Commun., 2011, 47, 6069.

96. Steric bulkiness of pyrrole substituents and the out-of-plane deformations of porphyrins: nickel(II) octaisopropylporphyrin and its meso-nitro derivative. R. Haddad, Y. Lu, J. M. E. Quirke, P. Berget, L. Sun, J. C. Fettinger, K. Leung, Y. Qiu, N. E. Schored, F. van Swol,
C. J. Medforth, J. A. Shelnutt, J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines 2011, 15, 1.

97. Binary Ionic Porphyrin Nanosheets: Electronic and Light-Harvesting Properties Regulated by Crystal Structure. Y. Tian, C. M. Beavers, T. Busani, K. E. Martin, J. L. Jacobsen, B. Q. Mercado, B. S. Swartzentruber, F. van Swol, C. J. Medforth, J. A. Shelnutt, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 1695.
98. Hierarchical Cooperative Binary Ionic Porphyrin Nanocomposites. Y. Tian, T. Busani, G. H. Uyeda, K. E Martin, F. van Swol, C J. Medforth, G. Montano, J A. Shelnutt, Chem. Commun. 2012, 48, 4863.

99. Charge Effects on the Structure and Composition of Porphyrin Binary Ionic Solids: ZnTPPS/SnTMePyP Nanomaterials. K. E Martin, Y. Tian, T. Busani, C. J. Medforth, R. Franco, F. van Swol, J. A. Shelnutt, Chem. Mater. 2013, 25, 441.

100. Synthesis and Nanostructures of 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-piperidyl)porphyrin. J. L. Jacobsen, P. E. Berget, M. C. Varela, T. Vu, N. E. Schore, K. E. Martin, J A. Shelnutt, L. M. Santos, and C. J. Medforth, Tetrahedron, 2013, 69, 10507–10515.

101. Self-Assembled Porphyrin Nanostructures and their Potential Applications. J. A. Shelnutt and Craig J. Medforth in Organic Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Device Applications; G. Bottari, T. Torres; Wiley, 2013, Chapter 5, Pages 103-130.

102. Binary Ionic Porphyrin Nanomaterials for Energy from Sunlight. J. A. Shelnutt, Y. Tian, K. E Martin, C. J. Medforth in Handbook of Porphyrin Science; G. C. Ferreira (Ed.); World Scientific: Singapore, 2013, Volume 28, Chapter 141, Pages 228-278.